Extremadura offers some superb bird-watching opportunities. It is huge, sparsely populated, and has great habitat diversity. It is located on one of the major European migration routes and has a wide range of species which may be observed at different seasons. There is also a wonderful range of butterflies, reptiles and mammals.
The region is larger than Switzerland and is made up of two large, sparsely-populated provinces - Cáceres and Badajoz. Badajoz is the largest province in Spain (for comparison, it is over 4 times the size of Norfolk) but with only a population of 700,000. Cáceres is the second largest in Spain. The population density of Extremadura is 26 inhabitants per square km (London, by comparison, has 5,200).
It has a range of habitats including irrigated plains, open woodland or dehesa, river valleys, man-made reservoirs, extensive Mediterranean scrub, rolling grassland or steppe, and mountains rising to over 5,000 feet. Whilst it is easily accessible and boasts some of the best and the quietest roads in Europe, it remains largely unknown even within Spain. There is virtually no industry and much of the agricultural activity is bird-friendly. The areas designated as IBA (Important Bird Areas) reach 74% - this is the highest of any region in Europe.